Requirements analytics for complex human-system projects in extreme environments

Ref-Nr:

Human-system Integration in Commercial Spaceflight

Technology abstract

Analytics of the socio-technical systems can be performed remotely for any extreme environment on Earth or in space. A group of experts led by system architect with specialisation on human-system integration in extreme environments uses methods within given context use: - Cognitive and Physical Function Analysis - Human-System Integration Analysis - Definition of Concepts of Operations and relations in boundary scenarios to mitigate risks and enhance efficiency of the system in design phase.

This technology offer comes from cooperation with NASA. The issue is to define and help to prevent all possible problems touching humans in extreme environments such as but not limited to space. This methodolgy or service can save costs in designing optimal approach to solve big societal challenges.

- Pavel Habarta -

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Technology Description

There is an offer of methodology based on partially heuristic approach to description of complex systems. Using methods are CFA, AUTOS, FRAM. Function analysis is a fundamental process enabling understanding of complex socio-technical systems. Cognitive and physical functions of individuals, technical systems and organizations have to be understood for successful definition of project design requirements. Our focus is on human performance, safety, efficiency and comfort. The resulting information product provides decision makers a summary of prioritized components/values of a socio-technical or human-machine system that are driving forces for defining effective design requirements. The information product is provided in a form of an interactive mental model of the system with emphasis on the humans in the loop. Model consists of states and recommendations for directions to be taken also for simulations and modelling. The product is of a qualitative expert-driven recommendation roadmap character. The system recommendation roadmap is applicable in extreme environment habitats, brownfields, traditional terrestrial building architecture, urban architecture, architecture in extreme environments, aerospace architecture and systems that include human, human-system integration in vehicle cockpits and cabins, human-system interfaces with focus on error mitigation, reliability enhancement, risk mitigation, human-system interaction optimization form physical and cognitive ergonomics perspective. The main goal is efficient and harmonious co-existence of human and artificial agents within given context. System Architect and the head of the team Ondrej Doule, established and led successful terrestrial and extra-terrestrial building/product projects architecture in EU (i.e., brownfield building KODUS, simulator SHEE). He consults current emergency disaster habitat system HELP in EU, organizational system for mission to Mars M2020 at NASA JPL, he led hardware human-system architecture of NASA KSC Ideas Project and developed concept of Mars Base at NASA Ames Research Center. He works on contracts in human-system integration in suborbital and orbital flights for USA FAA and develops spaceship cockpit motion simulator for Florida Institute of Technology. He successfully led two missions on analog mars mission at Mars Desert Research Station.

Innovations & Advantages

The innovative aspect is in transfer of the space systems and design methodologies in terrestrial systems to enhance their performance from perspective of human-system co-existence. The above offered methodology is based on merger of complex interdisciplinary knowledge from terrestrial and space domains. The offered service provides unique systems and environments background and experience while using traditional human-system integration project requirements analytics. The service offered support strategic implementation of ground-space domain environments and human-system requirements compare to traditional system definition that considers only either space or ground separately. The main economic advantage is immediate duplication of the market reach. Perfect product example is project SHEE (see examples: Self-Deployable Habitat for Extreme Environments www.shee.eu) that integrated post-disaster management needs and martian habitat requirements in one product, hence such product is currently used for both domains simulations.

Further Information

Implementation of human-system integration (HSI) principle (through Space Innovations analytics) for systems operating in extreme environments early in the design phase or prior design phase is significantly decreasing cost of any conceived system operations involving humans. Implementation of HSI after the design phase is costly and inefficient. HSI analytics provides strategic ground in terms of human and system context priorities, roles, resources, with emphasis on human operators and guides the system design in the most efficient way. In addition, the HSI analytics does consider also the whole system lifecycle and thus supports possible future prospects of the system design. Real world references and experience includes existing building and aerospace product development, product definition and implementation such as simulation hardware for European Commission and NASA etc.

Current and Potential Domains of Application

 
Civil Engineering
Building Architecture
Urban Design
Industrial Processes Optimization
Brownfields Recovery, Reconstruction, Rebuilding
Space Systems Architecture
Cockpit and Cabin Human-system Integration
Human-System process separation and delegation
Systems Automation
Planetary Systems Infrastructure
Space Mission Architecture
Variable Gravity Environment Systems
Sustainable Development
Automotive Industry
Aviation Industry
Outreach and Education